Abstract Preparation Guide

All abstracts must be in English, using metric units. Do not include chemical or mathematical formulae, Greek characters, illustrations, figures, or photos. Use no smaller than 10-point type. Do not use any formatting such as italics, bold, or subscript (CO2 becomes CO2). Do not indent paragraphs. Use a single space between sentences. Use only the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) character set.

The title of the abstract must be in all caps and must not exceed 160 characters. The body of the abstract must adhere to a maximum character count of 1600 including spaces. This is exclusive of the abstract title and the author listing. Please make the abstract as informative and representative of your presentation as possible.

The abstract submittal system uses the UTF-8 (Unicode) character set. Submitters may use HTML coding to set italics or display special characters. Italics are optional, and their inclusion will not affect your abstract's acceptance or placement.

Please note that characters required for HTML coding are included in the total character count. If your text exceeds the 1600-character limit for any reason, your abstract text will be truncated by the system and may not be complete when published.

Please do not use bold or underlines, as this will be stripped out in the final, published version of your abstract. Make sure you properly close your HTML tags.

Some examples:

Italics: <em>Synechococcus</em> yields Synechococcus
Sub/superscript: CO<sub>2</sub> = CO2 and 10<sup>-1</sup> = 10-1
Greek: &micro; = µ, &Sigma; = Σ, &delta;= δ
Math: &#8776; yields ≈, &#8800; yields ≠, &#8804; yields ≤
Non-English Characters: &#225; = á, &#241; = ñ, &#252;= ü, &#268;= Č

A good reference for finding and using codes can be found at:

Important! Special characters and formatting are not required. Every abstract will be considered equally.