SS1.10 Marine Protected Areas: Critical tools for Marine Biodiversity Conservation
Date: Monday, June 10, 2002
Time: 11:15:00 AM
Location: Esquimalt
 
Roff /John C, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada, jroff@uoguelph.ca
 
A SYNTHESIS OF APPROACHES TO MARINE CONSERVATION
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Roff, J. C., Zoology Department, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1, jroff@uoguelph.ca A SYNTHESIS OF APPROACHES TO MARINE CONSERVATION Development of environmental protected areas has been driven .."more by opportunity than design, scenery rather than science." (Hackman, 1993). If marine environments are to be protected from the adverse effects of human activities, then identification of habitat types and their communities, and delineation of boundaries in a consistent classification is required. This is a fundamental prerequisite for the determination of location and size of marine protected areas. Classifications based only on biological data are generally prohibited at larger scales, due to lack of information. We are therefore obliged to classify habitat types, mapped from enduring and recurrent geophysical (oceanographic and physiographic) features, as surrogates for community types. Conservation strategies must examine relationships between distinctive and representative habitats and species diversity. A novel synthesis of 'species' and 'spaces' approaches to marine conservation is proposed that provides a framework encompassing both, rather than seeing them as in conflict. This could rejuvenate the inherent appeal of 'species' approaches to marine conservation, and provide a new foundation for integration of structures and processes across the entire marine ecological hierarchy. SS 1 - 10 INVITED ORAL ROFF, J.C.