SS3.21 Deconstructing Rivers: The Ecological, Geomorphic, and Social Consequences of Dam Removal
Date: Thursday, June 13, 2002
Location: Poster Session - VCC
 
BolenderIM, Camp Dresser & McKee, Cleveland, USA, bolenderim@cdm.com
Brown, R, W, City of Kent, Kent, USA, kentwrf@raex.com
Aldrich, J, A, Camp Dresser & Mckee, Cleveland, USA, AldrichJA@cdm.com
 
BREACHING A COMMUNITY ICON: HOW KENT IS PRESERVING HISTORY WHILE RESTORING THE CUYAHOGA RIVER
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The Kent Dam is part of the historical Kent Industrial District. A Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) study conducted in 1999 by Ohio EPA identified water quality problems in the dam pool, which are impeding the attainment of the river’s warm water habitat (WWH) designation. If Kent does not reduce or eliminate the dam pool, Ohio EPA will impose stringent WWTP discharges effluent limits. CDM evaluated alternatives to modify the dam to address the following issues: improving water quality, developing riparian habitat, and removing the dam as a barrier to fish migration. CDM’s evaluation was conducted with Kent-area citizens who identified the following community concerns: water quality improvement; increase the releases from upstream reservoir; moving water is important; value historic features; river access; economic and recreation development. The preferred alternative includes retaining the dam, building a dam bypass, restoring a free-flowing river, and restoring upstream riverbanks. This option represents a cost-effective way to achieve the TMDL goals and community concerns. The study identified the biological and fluvial geomorphic features necessary to attain the river’s WWH designation.