Wooster, W. . University of Washington, wooster@u.washington.edu

In the mid-twentieth century, international oceanography consisted of little more than a variety of ad hoc arrangements and an already venerable intergovernmental organization, the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Some of the ad hoc arrangements were substantial, multiship operations, e.g., the NORPAC cruises in 1955. Well after establishment of Unesco, in 1945, a period of institution building began, in 1957 with SCOR (Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research), a non-governmental scientific organization, followed by establishment of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission in 1960. The existence of these global organizations provided a base on which cooperative investigations could be developed. Although the International Geophysical year in 1957-58 had only limited oceanographic focus, it inspired SCOR's plan for the International Indian Ocean Expedition, 1959-1965, coordination of which was taken over by the IOC in 1962. IOC then developed somewhat analogous multiship operations, the International Cooperative Investigations of the Tropical Atlantic, (ICITA) and the Cooperative Studies of the Kuroshio and Adjacent Regions (CSK). Since this classical period, new forms of international oceanography have evolved, with the creation of new international organizations, both intergovernmental and non-governmental, and with the development of new forms of joint action under the influence of changes in the technology of marine research. The paper will examine ways in which these developments have transformed international cooperation in oceanography.
Day: Wednesday, Feb. 3
Time: 04:30 - 05:00pm
Location: Eldorado Hotel
Code: TS02WE0430E