Rainger, R. Texas Tech University, email@example.com
CHANGING EMPHASES IN AMERICAN OCEANOGRAPHY: ROGER REVELLE, THE SCRIPPS INSTITUTION, AND MARINE BIOLOGY, 1945-1955
In the 1940s and 50s American oceanography became increasingly dominated by physical, chemical, and geological studies. The publication of The Oceans by Sverdrup, Fleming and Johnson established physical oceanography as the foundation for the science, but military concerns during World War II reinforced that emphasis. Work on underwater sound, swell and surf, and the composition of ocean bottoms served the purpose of detecting and evading enemy submarines. This paper will examine how those emphases,and a subordination of biological studies, continued after the war. The paper will focus on Roger Revelle, director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and will explore how his efforts to strengthen ties to nearby underwater sound laboratories, transfer visibility and geological laboratories to La Jolla, and establish a new Institute of Marine Resources, illustrate that theme.
Day: Wednesday, Feb. 3
Time: 04:00 - 04:30pm
Location: Eldorado Hotel