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image The Law of the Sea also says that no signatory country shall claim or exercise sovereignty, or sovereign rights over any part of the area or its resources so no unilateral action on the part of governments should be made without intergovernmental approval and the rights to resources of the area are vested in mankind as a whole. Benefits cannot accrue to a single nation. image The activities carried out in the international area --and this is paraphrasing --are to be carried out for the benefit of mankind as a whole, regardless of the geographical location of states, and taking into particular consideration the interests and needs of developing states. The Seabed Authority, which was established as a result of the ratification and the coming into force of the Law of the Sea, shall provide for the equitable sharing of financial and other economic benefits derived from activities in the area.

In summary then, I believe there are no legal precedents that directly apply to ocean fertilization, although there are parts of existing laws that are relevant. It is my understanding that scientists can go ahead with ocean fertilization if governments can agree, and where the benefits accrue to everybody.

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Editor's note: the transcript is not provided because it was felt that the slides provide enough detail

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