Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Albuquerque 2001
|SS34 Impacts of Aquaculture and Mariculture|
|Date: Thursday, February 15, 2001, Time: 11:30:00 AM|
|Location: Sandia/Santa Ana|
|Saroglia, M, , University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Cecchini, S, , University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy, email@example.com|
|Terova, G, , University of Bailicata, Potenza, Italy, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|EXAMPLES OF BEST ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES (BMP’s) IN MARINE AQUACULTURE|
|Marine aquaculture, as a human activity may be responsible for damage of environmental resources, when poorly designed and/or managed. The application of responsible codes of conduct in aquaculture has been emphatized by International Organizations as FAO, with the “Code of conduct for responsable fisheries” and on the Bangkok’s declaration on Aquaculture, promulgated on February 2000. Following, some producers’ associations generated their own “Codes of Conduct” that should be respected by the associated farmers.|
A few Best Management Practices (BMP’s) and Best Environmental Practices (BEP’s) are reported on literature and those applicable to marine aquaculture are mainly concerning the minimization of the organic matter sedimentation, control of fiords eutrophication, control and minimization of fish escape to reduce genetic pollution, minimization of chemicals utilization.
To achieve such goals, some technological supports are available. Among them, the feed-back control of pellet feed distribution, the utilization of high energy feed, a severe protocol to reduce stress on farmed fish, use of vaccine against the most common diseases, correct application of chemicals, improved net-pen design and management to avoid escape, escaped fish recapture devices, provided encouraging results where applied.
|This Session Listing|