Intercalibration of Cd and Pb concentration measurements in the northwest Pacific Ocean

C. M. Zurbrick, P. L. Morton, C. Gallon, A. M. Shiller, W.M. Landing, A.R. Flegal

Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 10:270-277 (2012) | DOI: 10.4319/lom.2012.10.270

ABSTRACT: Dissolved and total Cd and Pb concentration measurements in seawater were intercalibrated using 33 samples collected on the fourth cruise of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission's (IOC-4) Global Investigation of Pollution in the Marine Environment (GIPME) in the northwest Pacific Ocean, as well as in three seawater reference materials (SAFe S1, SAFe D2, and NASS-5). Laboratories from Florida State University (FSU), University of California at Santa Cruz (UCSC), and University of Southern Mississippi (USM) participated in the Pb intercalibration, and two of them (FSU and UCSC) participated in the Cd intercalibration. While each of the laboratories employed different extraction techniques before analysis by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), the measurements of Cd and Pb concentrations for the IOC-4 samples agreed to within 4% and 15%, respectively, and those of the reference materials agreed to within 13% and 8%, respectively. This successful intercalibration demonstrates that there now are multiple techniques available for accurately measuring Cd and Pb concentrations in seawater.