Sulfide exposure accelerates hypoxia-driven mortalit
Limnol. Oceanogr., 55(3), 2010, 1075-1082 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2010.55.3.1075
ABSTRACT: The effect of the presence of sulfide on the survival of benthic organisms under hypoxia was tested using a meta-analysis of published experimental results evaluating the effects of the presence of hydrogen sulfide on the median survival time of benthic macrofauna under hypoxia. The meta-analysis confirmed that survival times under hypoxia are reduced by an average of 30% in marine benthic communities exposed to hydrogen sulfide. The effect of sulfide on survival was higher for egg forms than for juvenile or adult stages. The aggravation of the negative effects of spreading hypoxia in the presence of sulfide suggests that the threats derived from hypoxia to marine biodiversity are greater than anticipated on the basis of the direct effects of low oxygen concentration alone.