The effect of seawater CO2 concentration on growth of a natural phytoplankton assemblage in a controlled mesocosm experiment

Kim, Ja-Myung, Kitack Lee, Kyoungsoon Shin, Jung-Hoon Kang, Hyun-Woo Lee, Miok Kim, Pung-Guk Jang, Min-Chul Jang

Limnol. Oceanogr., 51(4), 2006, 1629-1636 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2006.51.4.1629

ABSTRACT: We examine the effects of seawater pCO2 concentration of 25, 41, and 76 kPa (250, 400, and 750 matm) on the growth rate of a natural assemblage of mixed phytoplankton obtained from a carefully controlled, 14-d mesocosm experiment. Throughout the experiment period, in all enclosures, two phytoplankton taxa (microflagellates and cryptomonads) and two diatom species (Skeletonema costatum and Nitzschia spp.) account for approximately 90% of the phytoplankton community. During the nutrient-replete period from day 9 to day 14 populations of Skeletonema costatum and Nitzschia spp. increased substantially; however, only Skeletonema costatum showed an increase in growth rate with increasing seawater pCO2. Not all diatom species in Korean coastal waters are sensitive to seawater pCO2 under nutrient-replete conditions.

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