Phytoplankton response to nutrient enrichment in an urbanized estuary: Apparent inhibition of primary production by overeutrophication
Limnol. Oceanogr., 51(1_part_2), 2006, 424-434 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2006.51.1_part_2.0424
ABSTRACT: Phytoplankton response to nutrients was examined with a 26-yr database from the Delaware Estuary. Biomassnormalized primary production did not increase linearly with increasing nutrient concentrations and instead showed saturation at comparatively low nutrient concentrations and decreased at high concentrations. To separate the effects of light availability and temperature on primary production from those of other environmental variables, we developed an empirical model of areal primary production. The model equation was obtained for the entire dataset and the effect of the residual variables was expressed as correction factors of observed primary production to the model estimates. The model accounted for 67% of variability of observed primary production overall, indicating that production of the estuary was mainly controlled by light availability and temperature. In contrast, a similar model applied to a Chesapeake Bay database had shown a poorer fit, indicating consistent light limitation in the Delaware Estuary and varying strengths of light and nutrient limitation in the Chesapeake Bay. The relationships between nutrients and correction factors for the Delaware Estuary showed that the model underestimates primary production at low and mid nutrient concentrations and overestimates it at high concentrations. The model fit and correction factors for five regions of the estuary indicate a high-nutrient, low-growth situation in the Delaware Estuary because of varying influences of light limitation, proportions of nutrients, and probably toxic contaminants in areas with large anthropogenic inputsincluding high nutrients.