Diel variations in the photosynthetic parameters of Prochlorococcus strain PCC 9511: Combined effects of light and cell cycle
Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(3), 2005, 850-863 | DOI: 10.4319/lo.2005.50.3.0850
ABSTRACT: We examined the mechanisms related to the diel variations in the parameters of the relationship between the rate of carbon fixation of phytoplankton and irradiance (P vs. E curve). Our goal was to understand what determines the phase of these variations relative to that of the light cycle. We grew the marine prokaryote Prochlorococcus in an axenic cyclostat culture system under a light-dark cycle that mimicked natural conditions at sea surface and followed changes in cell physiology with a 2-h resolution. Individual cells divide mostly in phase with each other, once a day at the beginning of the dark period. The quantum yields of chlorophyll fluorescence, the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation (φCmax) and the maximum rate of carbon fixation (PBmax) exhibited diel variations over about factors of 2, 4, and 4, respectively, with maxima at the beginning of the light period. The morning drop in φCmax and the quantum yield of fluorescence, which was accompanied by only a small decrease (<15%) of photochemial efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm), suggests regulation by light and preceded the drop in PBmax by 4 h. The decrease in PBmax during the day matched a decrease in the transcription level of Rubisco. The quantum yield of fluorescence, φCmax, and PBmax increased again during the dark period, but this recovery was slowed at the time of cell division. Our results suggest that the pattern of diel variations in the photosynthetic parameters is determined both by photoacclimation and the cell-division cycle.